Anatomy of a Cannabis Flower plant


There are two distinct cannabis plants: Indica and Sativa. Each has varied THC and CBD levels and effects on the user. A Sativa plant has long, thin leaves, and is usually light in color, while an Indica plant’s leaves are broader and darker. Everyone experiences various reactions to the strains so it’s important to find which works for you.


The female marijuana plant makes buds during its blooming stage, which normally lasts 6 to 8 weeks. These buds contain all the cannabinoids and are usually ground up and smoked.


The term ‘cola’ is used in botany to describe the flowering part of a female plant. It is distinct from male plants, as they do not bear flowers. All the flower clusters assembled together is referred to as a cola, it would appear as a large number of buds ready to burst into bloom.


Trichomes are microscopic crystals that appear on the surface of marijuana plants during their flowering stage. They are a rich source of THC and can vary in size and color according to the strain and stage of growth. Moreover, they are an indicator of the potency of the cannabis and are useful to gauge when a plant is ready for harvest.


Two major cannabinoids, THC and CBD, interact with the CB1 and CB2 receptors located at different parts of the nervous system, thus affecting users. Other cannabinoids, like CBC, CBG, and CBN, have similar effects though they are not as noted or studied as much as the two main ones. The effect of cannabinoids on users depends on which receptors they interact with.


Terpenes are organic fragrances found in the oils of flowers like cannabis. When combined with cannabinoids such as THC and CBD, they create what is commonly known as an ‘entourage effect,’ which can enhance the therapeutic properties of the marijuana plant. These oils have distinct characteristics that can provide their own benefits when taken on their own. By working together, cannabinoids and terpenes can make the effects even more powerful.

Everything You Need To Know About Cannabis Flower

Our guide to cannabis flower has all you need to know! Beginners and experts alike can find reliable information on cannabis flower – from different strains to consumption methods. You’ll also find out unique facts, useful tips, and the best practices for experimenting with cannabis flower. Whether you’re just getting started or looking to upgrade your knowledge, this guide is a great resource.

  • What is Cannabis Flower?
  • What’s in Marijuana Flower?
  • What Are the Different Types of Marijuana Flower?
  • What Are the Common Forms of Marijuana Flower?
  • How Potent is Marijuana Flower?
  • Marijuana Flower FAQs

What’s in Marijuana Flower?

Marijuana flowers are incredibly complex with a range of compounds that contribute to its effects. Cannabinoids, flavonoids, trichomes, and terpenes are all present within the flowers, delivering the psychoactive effects and the pungent aromas. Researchers continue to explore the compounds within these unique plants and how they interact with our bodies.

What are the Different Types of Marijuana Flower?

When visiting a dispensary you may find marijuana in three varieties. Research indicates there are only subtle differences between each, however, connoisseurs may say their experience differ according to which type they use. The three types are Indica, Sativa and Hybrid. Whatever your choice, each offer unique benefits and effects.

  • Sativa: The sativa plant has thin cream-coloured leaves and can reach heights of up to two metres. Described as “uplifting”, there is no scientific proof of this effect.
  • Indica: Shorter and bushier variety of cannabis known for its relaxation effects. It’s a great choice for those who enjoy a chill atmosphere, though there’s no scientific evidence to prove its potency.
  • Hybrid: Perfect for those without access to landraces. Offering a mix of indica and sativa, each hybrid strain has its own effects – these vary from one person to another. So, explore away and let the adventure of hybrid strains begin!

What Are the Common Forms of Marijuana Flower?

Visiting a dispensary for the first time may be daunting, but it can also be exciting. There’s a surprising variety of marijuana flower available, including: Sativa, Indica, Hybrid, High-THC and High-CBD. Each offers a different experience, so it’s worth exploring the possibilities.

  • Premium Flower: Premium flower is top-quality, full and dense buds that are harvested from the end of marijuana stems. As this part receives the most nutrients, it’s high in trichomes and terpenes that add more flavor. This is usually the priciest type of flower in dispensaries, offering unbeatable quality.
  • Popcorn Flower: Popcorn nugs are a great cannabis option for those on a budget. They are much smaller in size than standard buds, and get their name due to their likeness to a kernel of popped popcorn. Growing beneath the premium buds, they don’t receive the same nutrients and are therefore much lower in trichomes, resulting in a less potent flavor. At a significantly lower cost than premium buds, popcorn nugs are an economical solution.
  • Shake Flower: Premium and popcorn flower have visible flower bud structure, whereas shake consists of loose flower material. Shake is made up of several diff cannabis plants, often used for pre-rolls, edibles, and concentrates. It also might include stem or small leaves, but the THC content is still consistently high.
  • Trim: Trim refers to pieces of leaves, stems and other parts of the cannabis plant that have been cut away from the flowers. It cannot be found in dispensaries, however, it is mostly used to make hashish and cannabutter. Trim is also cheaper than buds, so it’s a great alternative if you are on a budget.

How Potent is Marijuana Flower?

Marijuana flower potency varies just like any other cannabis product. To check the strength, look for the THC percentage listed on the label. For example, 17% or 23% THC, which tells you how potent the strain is. All this info is provided so you can find the strain that is right for you.

Once the potency is known, consult this chart to get a sneak peak of the potential effects from consuming the marijuana flower:

  • Less than 10% THC: Mild high with subtle affects. Not overpowering, provides a calming sensation.
  • 10% – 20% THC: Stronger psychoactive effects. Whether you’re smoking by yourself or sharing with friends, a single session with this potency of flower will leaving you feeling all the effects of the strain.
  • More than 20% THC: Potency not for beginners; strong psychoactive effects.

It’s wise to take note that the potency of a strain depends on individual tolerance, as well as factors like recent meals. When first trying a new one, always begin with a small amount regardless of how strong is is. This is the safest way to go.


Answering FAQs About Marijuana Flower

We hear many queries related to marijuana flower, ranging from strain selection to understanding available information. We provide answers to a few of these worries to help you make the best decisions:

What’s the Difference Between Flower and Bud?

Both terms refer to the cannabis flower – marijuana flower & bud are the same.

Is Marijuana a Flower?

Marijuana is a plant with female flowers used to make dried, cured products sold in dispensaries.

Why is Flower Called “Nugs?”

Cannabis flower is often called “nugs” due to its nugget-like shape when sold.

Purchasing Cannabis Flower

When shopping for marijuana flower, it is recommended to have an idea of what type you’re looking for and a budget in mind. Premium flower is perfect for those with a wide budget looking for the best flower available. Alternatively, popcorn is great for those looking to try different strains and sticking to a budget. Still feeling unsure? Our budtenders are happy to help, guiding you to buy the perfect flower for your needs. Visit our dispensary today and leave with the perfect marijuana flower.